The Eastern bearded dragon is an agamid lizard that lives in Australia. They’re small lizards that look just like other small agamids, except they have long, dark “beards. Bearded Dragons are one of a group of species called lizards. The common name for this animal is the frill-necked lizard, but it’s also known as the Jew lizard because the Hebrew word for it sounds similar. This species was originally described in 1829 by Georges Cuvier, who named it Amphisbaena barbata. They’ll eat insects and other small animals for food and will even eat some plants if they’re hungry enough. Bearded Dragons can be found in various habitats throughout Australia.
|Scientific Name||Pogona barbata|
|Common Names||Bearded lizard, large Australian lizard|
|Basic Animal Group||Reptile|
|Size||18 to 22 inches|
|Weight||0.625 to 1.125 pounds|
|Life Span||4 to 10 years on average|
|Habitat||Deserts, subtropical woodlands, savannas, and scrublands|
|Conservation Status||Least Concern|
Eastern bearded dragons are usually grey-black or red in color, sometimes red, and are sometimes reddish-brown, yellowish-brown, or dark brown. Juveniles are paler than adults, and their patterns are more likely to fade as they age. Baby bearded dragons are usually a light grayish-yellow color, but with maturation, they develop a blue or greenish tinge on their forehead. Orange-colored heads, flanks, and legs are often seen at higher temperatures. Usually, however, they are a bit darker than most other hair types, ranging from yellowish to gray and black. The inside of the mouth is generally bright yellow.
Region and Habitat of Pogona barbata
Eastern bearded dragons are found in the east of Australia. Specimens have been collected from all parts of the world, including Cape York, central Australia, and even from the west coast of Australia. These lizards live in dry woodlands and dry sclerophyll forests, and they frequently visit agricultural and urban areas. An eastern dragon is a very interesting lizard; they are found in eastern Australia but have also been caught in the western parts of Australia.
This is in stark contrast to the Pogona minor subspecies, which is only found on a handful of islands off the Western Australian coast. In Australia, the Dwarf or Western Bearded Dragon is found across most of the country. It’s common in the southern half of Western Australia, the western half of South Australia, and the Southwest of the Northern Territory.
Bearded dragons live in woodlands, coastal dunes, heathland, temperate savannahs, and deserts. Many reptiles and amphibians live on trees and rocks, so you may find one resting on a post. Here, they can see predators, prey, and mates while soaking up some sun.
The lifestyle of Eastern Bearded Dragon
Eastern bearded dragons are solitary, nocturnal diurnal creatures that can perch on exposed places such as trees, logs, or low-hanging branches. Male sea otters are very aggressive. Males will not let females or juveniles into their territory. In nature, large males are dominant and get the best places to live, like the top of the tallest trees. Eastern bearded dragons have been known to inflate their throats and display their beards when threatened. Bearded dragons that live in the eastern United States display a warning display when they’re threatened. These displays include inflating their throats and displaying their beards. When provoked, dragons open their mouths to display the bright yellow color of their tongues.
Pogona barbata dragons go into a type of hibernation called brumation. Like hibernation, brumation is a period of time when reptiles go without eating but sporadically drink water. It’s time to feed your bearded dragon, especially if the weather is colder than usual. You should do so at least twice a week. When the weather is very hot, some animals will burrow under the ground. They will also form more permanent burrows or covered hiding places to use as protection from the harsh climate at night and predators.
Diet and Nutrition
Eastern bearded dragons are omnivorous reptiles that like to eat fruit and insects. Caterpillars have a variety of diets. They eat leaves, fruit, and berries. The adult male bearded dragon is very aggressive and will fight for food or territory. Males in many species of bearded dragons attack females that are not receptive to mating. Some males use chemical signals, while others communicate with sounds.
Slow movements signal submission and fast moves are a sign of aggression. Beards of dragons are well known to puff up when they’re threatened. Some species go through brumation, which is a type of hibernation during the fall and winter. It’s characterized by little eating and less drinking.
Ecology and behavior
Eastern bearded dragons (Pogona barbata) are diurnal. They retreat to lower and cooler places when too hot. It is more aggressive than the central bearded dragon. The males are territorial and will allow only females and juveniles in their territory.
Dragons and other big lizards are the dominant males in the animal kingdom. They usually have the best habitat and get the best food. A female sand dragon looks like it’s in pain or about to burst its throat, but it isn’t really dangerous. It just inflates its throat and displays its beard when attacked.
When it’s provoked, it opens its mouth to display the bright yellow color of the lining of its mouth. The central bearded dragon’s relative, the black-throated sun angel, has a red lining in its mouth. Eastern bearded dragons are more likely to do a beard display than western bearded dragons. However, if you have a bearded dragon, then he or she will probably perform this behavior more often than most bearded dragons.
Reproduction of Pogona barbata
Mating occurs sometime in the spring and summer of the Australian year, from September to March. Dragons are the largest group of lizards. When they’re courting, male dragons wave their arms. When incubating, you can determine the sex of the dragon by watching the temperature. After being mounted, the male then bites the back of the female’s neck while mating. Most females dig shallow holes in a sunny area to lay up to two clutches of 11 to 30 eggs. Incubating, the gender of the dragon can be changed based on the temperature. The eggs can take anywhere from 2 to 6 months to incubate.
Threats to Eastern bearded dragons
Bearded dragons are eaten by birds, kangaroos, snakes, dingoes, feral cats, and foxes. In addition to cockroaches, there are many kinds of mites and parasites that live inside your home. When threatened or alarmed, Eastern bearded dragons puff out their beards and faces, showing their teeth and open mouth.
Researchers recently discovered that bearded dragons have a primitive set of glands in their tongues that produce mild venom. Threats to bearded dragons are habitat loss and degradation due to deforestation and livestock grazing. A big threat to bearded dragons is land clearing, which is a danger due to habitat loss and degradation. When they’re legally caught in the wild, they’re also sometimes illegally captured for the pet industry.
In some studies, researchers observed that warmer weather caused eastern bearded dragons to change their gender from female to male. Many lizards changed their male appearance to female, and had offspring, besides having the male ZZ chromosomes, of the genetic male lizards.